Hindus have many goddesses and gods, symbolising the one abstract Supreme Being or Brahman. Nonetheless, the most important Hindu deities are the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
But there are many other important gods such as:
- Ganesha is one of the most popular Hindu Gods and also a mnemonic for anything associated with Hinduism. Ganesha is depicted as having big ears, a curved trunk and a large pot-bellied body of a human being. It represent success, being the destroyer of obstacles and evils. It’s worshipped as the god of wisdom, wealth and knowledge.
- Krishna is the most popular god and the closest to the heart of masses. This deity has influenced the Indian literature, sculpture, painting, music, dance, as well as all folklore.
- Durga is the Mother Goddess and is also known as Amba, Chandika, Gauri, Parvati, Vaishno Devi. It represents the fiery power of Gods. Durga is portrayed as carrying weapons, riding a lion and she is also the protector of the righteous and destroyer of the evil.
- Kali also known as the dark goddess is depicted as having born from the brow of Goddess Durga. Kali is depicted as having red eyes, with her tongue protruding from her mouth, having blood on her face and breasts. This deity stands with one foot on the thigh and another on the chest of her husband.
- Vishnu is known as the Preserver or Sustainer of life. This god represents principles such as righteousness, truth and order. The role of Vishnu is to restore peace and order on earth. In the southern India, this god is worshipped as Lord Venkateshwara.
- Rama is one of the most appreciated Hindu deities. Rama symbolizes morality, truth, the ideal son, the ideal king and also the ideal husband. People believe that he is an actual historical figure – a tribal hero of ancient India.
- Saraswati is the goddess of learning and knowledge. This deity represents the free flow of consciousness and wisdom. She is also the goddess of art, music, wisdom and the daughter of Lord Shiva and Goddess Durga. It’s believed that Saraswati endows humans with the power of learning, speech and wisdom.
There are many traditions related to these Hindu deities that last a few days. People believe that by participating in these ceremonies they will get closer to Hindu gods and will be protected.