Lord Krishna or Sri Krishna is the eighth and the highest avatara (incarnation) of the Hindu God lord Vishnu. He was the Perfect Incarnation. He was a lover, teacher and preacher of the importance of Karma (action). He says to do your work without bothering for result. His divine form holds the heart of each and every person of India even today.
Known by many names like Gopal, Kanha, Murari, Govind, Makhanchor, Jaganatha and others, lord Krishna is the most famous Hindu god whose childhood plays were very attractive and tempting. His blue captivating form wearing yellow apparel with flute in hand and peacock feather on head is worshipped in the innumerable homes of India and many parts of the world. With magnificent and astonishing personality, lord Krishna was great in knowledge, emotion and action.
Krishna was the eighth child of Vasudev and Devaki. His mother Devaki was the sister of Kansa, the ruler of kingdom Mathura. At the time of marriage of Devaki, Kansa came to know that the eighth son of Vasudeva and Devaki will kill him. Knowing this Kansa imprisoned both Vasudeva and Devaki and ordered them to hand over all their children to him. Kansa killed all the six children of Devaki. Her seventh child was transferred into the womb of Rohini, the second wife of Vasudeva and Kansa was fooled into thinking that Devki had a miscarriage. Krishna, being the eighth child, was born on a rainy night in the prison. When he was born, the guards of the prison fell asleep. Vasudeva and Devaki became free and the gates of the prison opened of its own. Vasudev hid Krishna in a basket covered with a blanket and made their way to Gokul, where his friend Nand lived with his wife Yashoda. Nand & Yashoda became Krishna’s foster parents and Vasudev returned to the jail with Yashoda’s newborn daughter. She was then handed over to Kansa, to be killed as the eighth child of Devaki. However, while taking this daughter by the legs, ready to end her life, she disappeared into the air, being just an illusion and leaving a message that the eighth child of Vasudeva and Devaki was born and is safe in Gokul.
Krishna grew up to be the son of Nand and Yashoda in Gokul where he performed infinite number of innocent childhood activities that tempted all the inhabitant of Gokul and Vrindavan (adjoining area of Gokul). Kansa sent many monsters to kill Him, but Krishna killed all of them. Kansa became furious and very upset and invited krishna to his kingdom Mathura for a wrestling competition. His plan was to kill Krishna with the help of many of his cruel fighters and a mighty elephant. Krishna accepted the invitation and arrived at Mathura where he killed all of Kansa’s fighters and then Kansa. By this way the exploitation of Kansa was ended and Mathura was saved from his evil rule.
Slowly Krishna entered from childhood to adulthood and so his love with his childhood friend Radha and other Gopis (girls). The love between the Krishna and Radha is immortal and beyond the definition of words. It is eternal love which is the greatest example of selfless devotion and sacrifice.
Lord Krishna has played various characters during His stay in the world. During his childhood he tempted the resident of Vrindavan with his innocent speech and actions, He performed rasleela (love play) with Gopis (neighbouring girls) and His beloved Radha in his adulthood. He drove the chariot of Arjuna during Mahabharata war and preached Arjuna about the value of Karma (action). He was a supreme statesman and a master musician.
The teaching of lord Krishna is compiled in Bhagwat Geeta, one of the most important epic of Hindu religion. In Bhagwat Geeta, Krishna preaches Arjuna in the battle of Mahabharata, fought between Kauravas and Pandavas. In this battle He stood by the side of Pandavas because of their honesty and integrity. Lord Krishna says that the human body is mortal while the soul is immortal which can’t be destroyed. One should not worry about the death because only the mortal body is destroyed by the death while the soul is omnipresent, infinite and immortal which is present even after death..
Lord Krishna is worshipped all over India and many parts of the world in different names and forms. In the world famous Jaganath Yatra, the chariot of lord Krishna is pulled by devotees. Lord Jaganatha is another form is Krishna. Temples of Krishna are found in all parts of India and in many parts of the world. In India, Vrindvan and Mathura are two important places where many temples of Krishna are found. The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a religious movement which is spreading the teaching of lord Krishna all over the world. It has branches in many European countries and in the USA.
Lord Krishna birthday is celebrated as Krishan Janmashatami in all over India and world. A whole day fast is observed by his devotees on this day. Sri Krishna temples are decorated and religious and cultural programmes are organised. Lord Krishna symbolic birth takes place at mid night on this day and then the devotees eat blessed food. Krishan Janmashatami is celebrated in Vridavan and Mathura with much excitement and fanfare.
Krishna is eternal, ubiquitous, omnipotent and amazing. He was a superb statesman and according to Him almighty God is the supreme authority and we all are the puppets who are following their orders. Lord Krishna’s teachings have meaning for everyone and are valuable for each circumstance. He says to perform one’s duty without any attachment to either the fruits thereof or to the act itself. He played various roles throughout his life. His life is a perfect example of how to remain uninvolved and at the same time perfectly perform one’s work in the midst of melancholy and difficulties. He shows how to succeed in life while remaining in the midst of obstacles. His mere presence brings prosperity, victory, happiness and removes sorrow from our life.